Thermal and dynamic characterization of a multi-jet system with different geometry diffusers
1University of Chlef, Laboratory of control, Testing, Measurement and Mechanical Simulation, 2000 Chlef, B. P. 151, Algeria
2Univ. Artois, Univ. Lille, IMT Lille-Douai, Junia, ULR 4515 - LGCg,, Technoparc Futura, Béthune, F-62400, France
J Ther Eng 2024; 2(10): 404-429 DOI: 10.18186/thermal.1456643
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This paper proposed to use the impinging jets mixing process to improve the quality of residential heating and air conditioning. The main objective is to meet the requirements of occupants in terms of thermal comfort and air quality by proposing an optimal solution for the thermal homogenization improvement in the rooms by changing of the diffusers geometry and their arrangement in the ventilation and air-conditioning devices in blowing systems. This study involves both experimental and numerical studies of a three diffusers configurations composed of four peripheral jet with similar geometries and a central jet with a different geometry. All the configurations consist of four equidistant peripheral swirling jets, only the central jet that makes the difference between them. The configuration 1 includes a swirling central jet, on the other hand a circular central jet for the configuration 2 and finally a lobed central jet for configuration 3. The velocity and temperature distributions of the three configurations are investigated experimentally and numerically. Experimentally, the multifunction thermo-anemometer have been used to measure flow temperature and velocity. The dynamic and temperature features are more radially spread and get better homogeneity in configuration 3 and this is due to the energy distribution on the radial plane, which is relatively better than configuration 1 and configuration 2. The second part deals with numerical predictions of the dynamics and thermal fields of the three configurations considered. The study was realized using a RANS-based turbulence model. The numerical results are in reasonable agreement with our experiments for the three configurations. With this study, detailed information on the structure of the resulting flow is very useful to deepen the understanding of the physics of jet interaction and to validate turbulence models. The turbulence simulation is realized by the k-ω-SST model. This model gives a satisfactorily predicts the axial drop in velocity and temperature over the entire study range, demonstrating its ability to handle the interaction between swirling and lobe jets. Our results show that the geometry of the central diffuser is essential. This allows the axial velocity to decrease faster than configurations 1 and 2. This increases lateral diffusion, resulting in better homogenization.